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The Terra-cotta Army, Sutton Hoo, and Ötzi
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The Terra-cotta Army, Sutton Hoo, and Ötzi

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24 episodes in this series

Episode 1 The Origins of Modern Archaeology
Begin to investigate what archaeologists actually do, the nature and scope of their work, and popular misconceptions about the field. As an introduction to the course, trace the colorful history…
Episode 2 Excavating Pompeii and Herculaneum
Travel to the iconic sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum in Italy--Roman towns that were famously destroyed by the 79 A.D. eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Learn about the history of their…
Episode 3 Schliemann and His Successors at Troy
Follow the exploits of Heinrich Schliemann, a 19th-century amateur archaeologist who was determined to find the site of Homer's Troy. Learn about his dig through nine stratified cities, the astonishing…
Episode 4 Early Archaeology in Mesopotamia
Explore the history of phenomenal finds in Mesopotamia, beginning with the 19th-century unearthing of the great Assyrian palaces at Nimrud and Ninevah, with their libraries of cuneiform texts. Also contemplate…
Episode 5 How Do Archaeologists Know Where to Dig?
This lecture uncovers the methodology archaeologists use in looking for sites. Get acquainted with the uses of remote sensing technologies, such as LiDAR and ground penetrating radar, which enable archaeologists…
Episode 6 Prehistoric Archaeology
Prehistoric archaeology allows us to glimpse the earliest times in hominid and human history. Learn about seminal 20th-century finds of hominids in Africa, which provided clues to the origins of…
Episode 7 Göbekli Tepe, Çatalhöyük, and Jericho
Among significant Neolithic (New Stone Age) sites, explore Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, whose imposing stone rings are the oldest known examples of monumental architecture in the early Near East. Continue…
Episode 8 Pyramids, Mummies, and Hieroglyphics
In the first of two lectures on the wonders of Egyptology, learn about the deciphering of hieroglyphics through the legendary Rosetta Stone. Also explore the intriguing techniques of ancient Egyptian…
Episode 9 King Tut’s Tomb
Trace the events that led Egyptologist Howard Carter to the dramatic discovery of King Tutankhamen's tomb in 1922. Witness the unfolding excavation of the site, and uncover the spectacular treasures…
Episode 10 How Do You Excavate at a Site?
Here, delve into the specifics of how to perform an archaeological dig. Learn about the physical tools of the trade, how to excavate objects in the ground, and how a…
Episode 11 Discovering Mycenae and Knossos
Follow the archaeological search for King Agamemnon at Mycenae, and ponder the discovery of striking tomb objects as well as the palace from which the Mycenaeans sailed for Troy. From…
Episode 12 Santorini, Akrotiri, and the Atlantis Myth
Visit the famously beautiful Greek island of Santorini, whose picturesque topography resulted from a volcanic eruption in the second millennium B.C. Explore the site of Akrotiri, a town buried under…
Episode 13 The Uluburun Shipwreck
The Uluburun shipwreck, a vessel that sank in 1300 B.C. off the coast of what is now modern Turkey, ranks among the greatest archaeological finds of all time. Learn about…
Episode 14 The Dead Sea Scrolls
The unearthing of the Dead Sea Scrolls revolutionized the field of biblical studies. Investigate the events that led to their discovery in 1947, and consider their extraordinary contents, which shed…
Episode 15 The Myth of Masada?
The excavation of Masada--the ancient mountain stronghold of Jewish rebels against Rome--was a milestone for archaeology. Explore the discoveries at the site, hear the harrowing story of its defense, and…
Episode 16 Megiddo: Excavating Armageddon
The site of Megiddo in northern Israel comprises more than twenty ancient cities, built one atop the other. Trace the excavations there over the last century, and examine the discovery…
Episode 17 The Canaanite Palace at Tel Kabri
Enjoy a firsthand look at archaeological fieldwork as Professor Cline recounts his own excavations at Israel's Tel Kabri. Follow the work at the site from 2005 to 2015, centering on…
Episode 18 Petra, Palmyra, and Ebla
Here, visit three superlative sites in Jordan and Syria. Begin at Petra, with its breathtaking tombs and temples carved into the face of cliffs. At the desert oasis of Palmyra,…
Episode 19 How Are Artifacts Dated and Preserved?
Observe how the measurement of factors such as electromagnetic radiation, hydration, and carbon content can reveal the age of excavated objects. Examine how particular environmental conditions can preserve organic material…
Episode 20 The Terra-cotta Army, Sutton Hoo, and Ötzi
Among the more unusual archaeological finds, investigate the accidental discovery of China's terra-cotta army, with its spectacular clay warriors, horses, and chariots. Ponder the "accidental preservation" of a 7th-century ship…
Episode 21 Discovering the Maya
Trace the unearthing of the great Maya civilizations in the 19th century, and revel in the excitement of the recent "cracking" of Maya hieroglyphics. Contemplate the extraordinary temple-pyramids, tombs, and…
Episode 22 The Nazca Lines, Sipán, and Machu Picchu
Continue with three stellar South American sites: First, ponder the mysteries of the Nazca Lines, giant animal and human figures etched in the soil of the Peruvian desert. Then visit…
Episode 23 Archaeology in North America
Journey into the archaeological heritage of North America, beginning with the excavation of the Hunley, a Confederate submarine from the U.S. Civil War. Investigate the unearthing of colonial Jamestown, Virginia;…
Episode 24 From the Aztecs to Future Archaeology
Finally, travel to the site of Tenochtitlan, buried under modern Mexico City, and to Teotihuacan, with its vast pyramids and temples along the Avenue of the Dead. Conclude the course…

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